Harold Cohen


Essays and Lectures

"Parallel to Perception" Proceedings of the Edinburgh Conference on Art and Computing. 1973.
Reprinted in "Aspects: The Computer in the Visual Arts" 1981.


"Getting a Clear Picture" Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science. 1975.

"The Material of Symbols" First Annual Symposium on Symbols and Symbol Processes, University of Nevada 1976.
Reprinted, New Wilderness Newsletter, Vol. #1. January 1977.

"What is an Image?" Invited paper, proceedings of the 6th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Tokyo. 1979.

"On Technology" International Festival of Electronic Music, Video and Computer Art. 1981.

Catalogue Statement for "Harold Cohen" exhibition, Tate Gallery, London.1983.

"Expert Systems and Experts' Systems" Invited Paper, Proceedings, NICOGRAPH International Symposium. Tokyo. 1985.

"Off the Shelf" THE VISUAL COMPUTER 3/86, Springer International 1986.

"Art, Al in" Contributor, "ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE" Wiley Interscience.1987.

"How to Draw Three People in a Botanical Garden" Invited Paper, Conference Proceedings, American Association for Artificial Intelligence. 1988.

"Brother Giorgio's Kangaroo" "THE AGE OF INTELLIGENT MACHINES" Raymond Kurzweil, MIT Press.1990.

"The Computability of Art" Conference Proceedings, International Congress on the Philosophy of Art. Lahti, Finland. 1990.

"The Further Exploits of Aaron, Painter" Stanford Humanities Review 4.2 1995.

"Towards an Autonomous Expert Colorist" Invited Talk , Inter-Society Color Council, Williamsburg Conference on Color and Design, 1998.

"Colouring Without Seeing" Invited talk, Edinburgh Conference. 1999.
Reprinted, AISB Quarterly, Summer/Autumn 1999. No. 102.

"A Self-defining Game for One Player" Invited talk, Loughborough Conference on Cognition and Creativity. 1999.

"A Million Millennial Medicis" Invited talk, Rhodes College, TN. 2000.

"Decoupling Art and Affluence" Invited talk, IAAI/AAAI, Seattle, WA. 2001.

"AARON's Creativity" Invited talk, Sendai, Japan, Mediatheque, 2001.

"A Million Millennial Medicis" "Explorations in Art and Technology" Ed: Linda Candy and Ernest Edmonds, Springer, 2002.

"Making Art for a Changing World" Invited talk, RCAST, Tokyo University, 2002.

"Making Art for a Changing World" Invited talk, Annual Software Conference, Matsue, Japan, 2002.

"Making Art for a Changing World" Invited talk, Future University, Hokkaido, Japan, 2002.

"A Self-defining Game for One Player" Leonardo Magazine, Vol 35, 2002.

"A Question of Expertise" Invited Talk, Chalmers School of Art and Design, Gothenburg, Sweden, 2004.

"A Sorcerer's Apprentice: Art in an Unknown Future" Invited Talk, Tate Modern, London, 2004.

"A Question of Expertise" Invited Talk, Edinburgh University, 2004.

"Style as Emergence" Invited talk, Fall Symposium, American Association for Artificial Intelligence. 2004.

Talk for Lisbon Symposium on Harold Cohen, Lisbon 2005.

Catalog Essay. Artware3, Lima, Peru, 2005.

"Creativity" a contribution to the Festschrift for Edward Feigenbaum, Stanford University, March 2006.

Talk for the Computer Arts Society, Imperial College, London, 2006.

Talk, Cognitive Science Department, Sussex University, 2006.

"Color, Simply", 2006.

AARON, Colorist: from Expert System to Expert", 2006.

Lisbon Catalog Introduction, 2006.

Santa Cruz Music Festival: Panel on Algorithms, 2006.

"Art in Consumerland; Where, Exactly?" UC Santa Barbara, 2008.

"The Art of Self-Assembly: the Self-Assembly of Art" Dagstuhl Seminar on Computational Creativity, 2009.

"Driving the Creative Machine", Orcas Center, Crossroads Lecture Series, 2010.

"Collaborations with My Other Self", SISTA University of Arizona, Tucson, 2011.

Selected Bibliography

"Harold Cohen"
Catalogue Introduction for Whitechapel Gallery Retrospective of Harold Cohen, Bryan Robertson. 1965.

"Harold Cohen"
Catalogue Introduction for Venice Biennale, David Thompson. 1966.

"Contemporary British Painting"
Catalogue Introduction for Stuyvesant Foundation Exhibition, Alan Bowness. 1967.

John Russell, Bryan Robertson, Lord Snowdon. 1968.

Van Deren Coke, Univ. New Mexico Press. 1971.

Section on Art and Technology, Jack Burnham. 1973.

"Harold Cohen on Art and the Machine"
Moira Roth, ART IN AMERICA. 1978.

"ROBOTS: Fact, Fiction and Prediction" Jasia Reichardt, Thames & Hudson/Viking/ Penguin Books. 1978.

"On Harold Cohen's Drawings" Andrew Forge. Catalogue Introduction for San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. 1979.

"An Interview With Harold Cohen" Curtis Roads. COMPUTER MUSIC JOURNAL Vol. 3, #4, issue 12. December 1979.

"Harold Cohen" Catalogue essay for Tate exhibition catalogue, Michael Compton, Keeper of Art, Tate Gallery. 1983.

"Creativity and Computers" Catalogue essay for Tate exhibition catalogue, Margaret Boden, 1983.

"Harold Cohen" Prof. Herbert W. Franke, COMPUTERGRAFIX-GALERIE. 1984.

"AARON", THE UNIVERSAL MACHINE, Pamela McCorduck. McGraw-Hill. 1985.

"Computer Graphics - Computer Art" Herbert W. Franke, Springer-Verlag, 2nd Edition. 1985.

"The Finer Arts," MACHINERY OF THE MIND George Johnson, Times Books. 1986.

"The Computer: A Tool for Thought-Experiments" Frank Dietrich, FD-THOUGHT EXPERIMENTS. 1987.

"Science and Meanings in Art" Pamela McCorduck, "WHOLE EARTH REVIEW" #55, 1987.

"Artificial Intelligence: An Apercu" Pamela McCorduck, DAEDELUS. Winter 1988.

"Artificial Intelligence: An Apercu" Pamela McCorduck, "The Technological lmagination" 1989.

"DIGITAL VISIONS - COMPUTERS AND ART" Cynthia Goodman, Abrams. 1987.

"Die Muse in der Steckdose" David Galloway, KUNSTFORUM -- ASTHETIK DES IMMATERIELLEN. 1988.

"An Artwork That Creates Art" ART OF OUR CENTURY, Jean-Louis Ferrier, Editor, Prentice Hall Editions. 1989.

"THE CREATIVE MIND, MYTHS AND MECHANISMS" Margaret A. Boden, Weidenfeld and Nicholson. 1990.

"THE AGE OF INTELLIGENT MACHINES" Raymond Kurweil, MIT Press.1990.

"Can Computers Create?" Pamela McCorduck, ART & ANTIQUES. April 1991.

"AARON'S CODE: Meta-Art, Artificial Intelligence and the Work of Harold Cohen" Pamela McCorduck, Freeman. 1991.

"THE SIXTIES ART SCENE IN LONDON" David Mellor, Phaidon Press, 1993.

"Digital Mantras" Steven R. Holtzman, MIT Press, 1994.

"Drei gleich Funf: Pioniere der Computerkunst" Prof Friede Nake, "Computer Art Fascination" 1994.

"Computers at the Dawn of Creativity" Robert Matthews, New scientist 1994.

"Computer Shows Skill as an Artist" Associated Press, 1995.

"Programmed Arm Rivals Artist's Hand" David Holmstrom, Christian Science Monitor, 1995.

"The Rembrandt of Robots" Michael Saunders, Boston Globe, 1995.

"Painting by Numbers" Steve Holtzman, Technology Review, 1995.

"Un Robot Peut-il Etre Un Artist?" La Recherche, 1995.

"Schopferische Schaltkreise" Robert Matthews, Focus Extra Magazine, 1995.

"AARON...Master Draughtsman" Roger Highfield, Daily Telegraph, 1995.

"The Virtues of Theories of Ill-defined Behavior" Paul Cohen, "Empirical Methods for Artificial Intelligence" MIT Press, 1995.

"Artificial Genius" Margaret A. Boden, Discover Magazine, 1996.

"But Is It Art" Jack Weber, PC Pro Magazine, 1996.

"Man versus Machine" Stephen Levy, Newsweek Magazine, 1997.

"AARON the Artist" (chapter and cover) William Clancey, "Situated Cognition" Cambridge University Press. "The Artist's Angst Is All in Your Head" George Johnson, New York Times, 1997.

"AARON the Artist is a Robot of Rare Proclivities" Margaret A. Boden, ComputerLink, San Diego Union Tribune, 1997.

"Artificial Intelligence Beats Human Genius" Today's Science on File. Vol 5/11, 1997.

"AARON'S CODE: Meta-Art, Artificial Intelligence and the Work of Harold Cohen" Pamela McCorduck, Japanese Edition, 1998.

"Machine Creation" IAMAS Annual, Japan, 1999.

"Harold Cohen" Jack Weber, PC PRO, 2000.

"Brush With Creativity" Kathryn Balint, San Diego Union Tribune, 2001.

"AI Program Creates Museum Art" Linda Dailey Paulson, COMPUTER, 2001.

"Ah, But is it Art?" Robert Matthews, Daily Telegraph, London, 2002.

"The Sixties" Tate Gallery Calendar, 2004.

"Kunstliche Kunst: Harold Cohen and AARON" Ernst Schmiederer, INFINEON Magazine, Austria, 2004.

"Self-Portraits of the Future" Noriko Takiguchi, AXIS Magazine, Japan, 2004.

"He, Robot" Robert Pincus San Diego Union Tribune 2004.

Selected Reviews, BioArt Exhibition: 2005.
Jornal da Madeira
VISAO Portugal Cultura 2000
Revistart ACTUAL MAGAZINE artes Ciencia
HOJE Jornal de Negocios

"Harold Cohen: Expanding the Field: the Artist as Artificial or Alien Intelligence" David Tomas, Parachute, 2005.

"Comments and Observations on AARON" Mark Elliot Lugo, Catalog essay for "AARON's World" (Lisbon) exhibition, 2007.